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Some stud- ies claim to ﬁnd that children born of women who abused amphetamines during pregnancy will have long-term problems with personality and intelli- gence—but these same women abused other drugs as well; some were dis- pleased about their pregnancies; and about 80% of children in one study had been taken away from the mothers and put into foster homes pletal 50 mg with mastercard spasms with cerebral palsy. Babies from women who abused amphetamines during pregnancy can exhibit anxiety and physical dis- comfort suggesting dependence and withdrawal cheap pletal 100 mg on-line muscle relaxant ibuprofen. We know that excessive use by a pregnant woman can promote premature birth and reduce a newborn’s weight. Genetic predisposition appears to inﬂuence how much this type of drug will affect fetal development. Amphetamines enter human milk and can reach levels three to seven times higher than shown in maternal blood, so nursing mothers can be dosing their infants. Because this kind of drug can act as an appetite suppressant, causing a person to take in inadequate nutrition, that effect is still another concern if infants receive amphetamines through a mother’s milk. For information about speciﬁc amphetamine class stimulants, see alphabet- ical listings for: dextroamphetamine, ephedrine, khat, ma huang, metham- phetamine, methcathinone, and methylphenidate. That self-perception may be more prevalent than obesity itself, but even so, by medical standards a good 33% to 50% of Americans are overweight. Persons seeking slimness and who are dissatisﬁed with results from changes in diet and exercise may seek pharmacological help. Its use for this purpose began in the 1890s on the theory that it would boost a person’s metabolism and thereby promote faster use of calories. Al- though it boosted metabolic rate, it also boosted rates of cataracts and of harm to the peripheral nervous system (which involves the functioning of various organs and muscles). In the 1930s amphetamines became available and quickly became a popular diet aid de- spite their potential for abuse. Many stimulants suppress appetite, and some are used as medicines to help people lose weight. Such drugs are casually described as appetite suppressants, but not all pro- mote weight loss in that way. For instance, some may affect the way food is absorbed in the body; some increase a person’s rate of metabolism so the person burns more calories; some make a person more physically energetic. Question has even been raised about whether a stimulant’s anorectic action simply comes from elevating the mood of depressed people and thereby re- ducing their need to gain comfort from eating. Compared to placebos, most studies show additional weight loss among persons taking anorectics to be measurable but barely noticeable; some studies show anorectics to be no more effective than placebos. In experiments where anorectics work well, skeptics wonder if results come from factors other than the drug, such as rapport between physician and patient, belief that the substance would work, or even from basics such as controls on food intake during the experiment. Scientists directing one study of anorectics concluded that sensations of appetite sup- pression were so subtle that a user could miss them unless the person was trying to be aware of them. A telling exception to development of tolerance is methylcellulose, an unscheduled substance used to increase bulk of consumed food and thereby increase the physical feeling of fullness. Abusers of stimulant anorectics exhibit symptoms similar to those found among abusers of amphetamines, from skin rash to psychosis. Some persons using anorectics properly under medical supervision experience muscle pain and cramps, weariness, peevishness, depression, difﬁculty in thinking. That group of symptoms is the same as those undergone by persons trying to cope with lack of food regardless of drug use, a coincidence raising question about whether some undesired effects attributed to anorectics are simply undesired effects of being hungry. A harsh fact about anorectics is that weight lost while using them tends to return if a person stops taking the drugs (and generally they are intended for short-term use only). Behavioral therapy teaches people how to change their Drug Types 17 eating and exercise habits. A comparison study10 not only found behavioral therapy superior to anorectic therapy in preventing regain of lost pounds but also found behavioral therapy to be more effective alone than when using anorectics along with it—a troubling result for advocates of anorectics. Skep- tics ask whether drugs that produce only mild temporary improvement in a chronic condition are worth anything. For information about speciﬁc anorectic class stimulants, see alphabetical listings for: benzphetamine, diethylpropion, fenﬂuramine, mazindol, phen- dimetrazine, phenmetrazine, phentermine, and sibutramine. In the latter 1800s it was widely used by ordinary middle-class Americans and had a reputation no worse than alcohol or tobacco. In the years before World War I, news media stories tied the drug to African Americans and crime, and public opin- ion transformed the substance from a commonplace item into a substance used mainly by social deviants. Cocaine received little attention from the 1960s illicit drug culture, which seemingly considered cocaine an archaic item no longer of interest. In the 1970s cocaine was portrayed as a drug used by wealthy “beautiful people,” and in the 1980s it was portrayed as a poor ghetto dweller’s drug. In the 1800s cocaine was considered highly addictive, but from the 1950s into the 1980s it was described as nonaddictive. By the 1990s cocaine was called the most addictive drug known, and demand for the product re- sulted in accessibility likened to fast-food hamburgers. Although tolerance develops with abuse of most stimulants and was reported with cocaine in the 1800s, in the 1970s and 1980s a scientiﬁc consensus held that tolerance did not develop among cocaine abusers. On the contrary, abuse was believed to sen- sitize people taking the drug, allowing them to achieve the same effects with smaller and smaller doses.
Getting Away From Grains In view of the many molds that are grain-related purchase 100mg pletal amex muscle relaxant yellow pill v, and because these cannot be seen or smelled in pastas pletal 50 mg low price muscle relaxant agents, breads, cold cereals, it would be wise to steer away from grain consumption. Always choose potatoes, because it is a vegetable instead of a grain, if you have a choice. Whereas grain was hulled, stored for quite a long time, perhaps degerminated (the bran and germ picks up Fig. Then it was mixed with assorted chemicals (fumigation, anti oxidants), each polluted in its own way, pack- aged again and stored again. But we can trick them into eating corn and soybeans by adding the flavors they like and thereby defeat their wisdom the same way we defeat ours. A concoction is made for them that is called “complete nutrition” and we feed this meal after meal, day after day, a most unnatural situation. The liver is deluged with the same set of pollutants time after time and never gets a rest. This gives the liver a chance to catch up with detoxifying one pollutant while the new one builds up. If the liver is absolutely unable to handle something, you are informed quite quickly with an allergic reaction to the food. Cats and dogs with their monolithic diet get no opportunity to reject food (except by vomiting or starvation). It is not surprising they are getting cancer with increasing frequency, a situation where the liver can no longer detoxify isopropyl alcohol, a common pollutant in their food. But what if they like and prefer their monolithic “scientific”, “complete”, polluted diet? All change should be brought about slowly and with kindness for animals and humans alike. After your pets have stopped eating propyl alcohol polluted food and are not getting propyl alcohol in their shampoos, there is no way they can get cancer. Whatever cancer they have will clear up by this change in diet and by giving them the pet parasite program. By selecting wise habits your improved lifestyle pays you back for the rest of your life. After using the bathroom and washing your hands, treat your fingernails with alcohol. Add ½ cup 95% alcohol to ½ cup cold tap water or buy plain vodka, 80 to 100 proof. Ask your pharmacist to make it from scratch for you (there are only two ingredients and water, see Recipes). In long-ago days, all sheets, towels, table cloths, and underwear were separated and boiled. With the convenience of our electric washing machine, we tend to overlook the fact that underwear is always contaminated by fecal matter and urogenital secretions and excretions. Lime water (calcium hydroxide) or iodine based antiseptics seem obviously simple methods to accomplish this. Besides, your skin absorbs it from clothing, it is quite toxic to you, and can cause mental effects. They do not clean quite as well as modern detergents, but there is less static cling, eliminating the need to put more chemicals in your dryer. Better Kitchen Habits Once a day, sterilize the sponge or cloth you use to wipe up the table, counter tops and sink. This little piece of contami- nated cloth is the most infectious thing in the house, besides the toilet. Sometimes it has a slight odor at first, which may warn you, but most pathogens do not have an odor! As we wipe up droplets of milk, we give the milk bacteria, Salmonellas and Shigellas, a new home to multiply and thrive in. The cloth or sponge recolonizes the kitchen and dining room table several times a day. No doubt, the last thing you do before leaving the kitchen is squeeze it dry with your hands. In two hours they are already multiplying in the greatest culture system of all: your body! To sterilize the sponge: drop it into a 50% solution of grain alcohol at the end of each day. Another way to sterilize the sponge or cloth is to microwave it, after wetting it, for 3 minutes. Another strategy is to use a fresh cloth or sponge each day, putting the used one to dry until laundry day.