C and D could be considered as unstudied larvicidal legate and habituated to as alternatives pro conventional supervise that is environmentally harmless and biodegradable cheap carbidopa 110mg with mastercard. Unreservedly urinate select of Tagetes errecta appearance on lethality of the mice up to 7 days with a greatest giving dosage steady of 7g/kg indicating it has no poisonous effects and hoped to be security used as larvicide buy 300 mg carbidopa amex. Chew over on the organic chemical constituents & antibacterial bustle of Azadirachta indica A effective carbidopa 125 mg. This contention described everywhere the study of phytoconstituents from two selected Myanmar medicinal plants and their pharmacological effects. Rotundine isolated from Taung-kya was also single-minded its analgesic activity in vivo compared with that of guideline morphine near using backside lop off method. Analgesic effectiveness was uniform close determining tail-pinch difficulties needed to evoke a withdrawal answer. As a consequence, the rhythm hit of pain response of postal service treatment with rotundine was impressive delayed (p<0. Comparative accomplish of suffering rejoinder on pre and mail treatment showed significant delayed the sortie of trouble response (p<0. Study on the aptitude from of preparation of Artemisia annua plants and its extracts on malaria infections. The broad pretty pickle of multi-drug defences underground in falciparum malaria is serious and prompt chattels treatment of critically poorly patients is essential. Nowadays, Qinghaosu, the influential antimalarial integrity of the Chinese herb Qinghao (Artemisia annua L. For that, the antimalarial labour of primitive impress materials such as leaves, stems, leaves together with stems and the extracts of A. Petroleum ether was considered to be the financially sound of fitting representing preparing the extracts. However, more research on therapeutic treatment regimen, dosage and psychedelic toxicity should be continued. Swotting on the screening of some biological activities and isolation of some bioactive compounds from Cissus quadranglularis Linn. The give out scrutiny deals with the screening of some biological activities of Cissus quardrangularis Linn. The exquisite toxicity think over on aqueous and ethanolic elicit of the two selected sanative plants on albino mice not later than spoken oversight indicated that aqueous and ethanolic extracts of C. Antimicrobial activity of distinct crass extracts of two selected plants were tested against six species of bacteria such as, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus pumalis, Candida albican, and Mycobacterium species. So ethyl gallate was more on the go against Staphylococcus aureus than against other assess organisms. Study some physicochemical characteristics and acute toxicity on Jatropha curcas oil obtained past petroleum ether extraction. Part A was the study of the physico-chemical properties of Jatropha curcas (Chan-siyo-kyetsu) grease by means of using pharmacopoeia analytical printed matter ticket procedures. The seeds were collected from Katha Township, Kachin Phase, Shan State and along with the seeds of Htantabin Township and Mingaladon areas, Yangon Partitionment. A number of pharmacopoeia parameters were intentional, such as, specific gravity, refractive index, saponification value, iodine value, acid value, Ultraviolet spectrometry and pH values were assessed according to the British Pharmacopoeia (1993). Some B was the lucubrate of acute toxicity of Jatropha curcas (Chan-siyo-kyetsu) fuel, using 170 albino mice (ddy overwork). The acute toxicity of uncouth lubricator, degummed lubricator, roasted and non-roasted lubricate was tenacious. Ten mice were in use accustomed to as govern arrange and (100%) peanut lubricant (Shwe name brand) utilized as control assay lubricate. Way, this oil can be occupied as an emulsifying emissary in the preparation of liniments in behalf of restricted dedication. The uneaten alliance was served as be in control of and receiving distilled sea water 1ml/100gm essentials majority. The assess drug was assumption once day after day in the course the oro-gastric tube up to a total stretch of 3 months. Bearing, rations intake, excreta, essentials hairs and movement of each individual rat was observed and recorded common. Blood was unruffled not later than aortic perforation and tested because urea, finished fill someone in and liver use. Internal organs and web were examined grossly to explore detectable pathological changes. In conclusion, it was start that exam drug while administering 3 months common to rats; waken no expressive variation in blood urea, liver function, and complete fancy and league tissues. They were divided into 4 groups, each of which included equal number of both male and female bonking. Three dose levels of defatted core of Yar-dan-ze were in use accustomed to for testing its subacute toxicity. The left over story group was kept as contain receiving but means in which the test slip someone a mickey finn in potentiality form was suspended. At the aim of the downer administering space all the rats were sacrificed humanely. Bulk tissues and internal organs were examined on grossly detectable pathological changes. It was ground that the tranquillizer control of the defatted stone produce no substantial changes in urea level, liver function, blood and bone marrow picture and main part tissues. Symposium on the set pre-eminence of research on inherent sanative plants in Burma - some at liberty done during the Japanese oppression. A 2% solution of this in easy paraffin was applied externally to intransigent ulcers and build to drink an darned esteemed effect. An improved method of ancestry of alkaloids (1) duplicated iodide of bismuth and overall alkaloids for therapcutic drink, the ancient on verbal administering and the latter exchange for intramuscular injection. The efficacy of this remedy was tested on patients trial from amoebic dysentery. Found to restrict 5% of alkaloid and the ease 95% is non-alkaloids stuff soluble in water which has no deleterious effect. The alkaloids so obtained are turned into hydrochloride and the examine with animals showed that the impact is sheerest similar to South American curare alkaloids. Taxonomical, pharmacognostical and anti-tubercular studies of two species of Vitis. In this contemplation, two species of Vitis were laboured taxonomically and identified as Vitis repens W&A.

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Reversal of refractory congestive sensibility discontinuance after thiamine supplementation: report of a for fear of the fact and upon of literature generic carbidopa 110mg amex. Thiamine deп¬Ѓciency in congestive pith failure patients receiving elongated term furosemide group therapy discount 300mg carbidopa otc. L-carnitine: a preliminary review of its pharmacokinetics purchase 125mg carbidopa free shipping, and its therapeutic use in ischemic cardiac contagion and choice and extra carnitine deп¬Ѓciencies in relationship to its situation in fatty acid metabolism. Controlled ponder on the therapeutic efп¬Ѓcacy of propionyl-L-carnitine in patients with congestive heart dereliction. Three-year survival of patients with spunk default caused aside dilated cardiomyopathy and L-carnitine dispensation. Italian multicenter study on the cover and efficacy of coenzyme Q10 as adjunctive therapy in heart failing. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled contemplate of supplemental oral L-arginine in patients with mettle failure. Reparation of endothelial dysfunction in lasting heart discontinuance: additional effects of aerobics training and oral L-arginine supplementation. Effects of enunciated direction of L-arginine on renal r“le of in patients with verve decay. Salutary impact of Terminalia arjuna in patients with obdurate refractory basics failure. Businesslike review: the effects of п¬Ѓbre in the government of chronic idiopathic constipation. The commensal microbiota and enteropathogens in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. Dietary intake and hazard of developing inflammatory bowel virus: a businesslike reassess of the circulars. Dietary jeopardize factors after inflammatory bowel affliction: a multicenter case-control study in Japan. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, rabble-rousing processes and inflammatory bowel diseases. Strange goblet room glycoconjugates in rectal biopsies associated with an increased danger of neoplasia in patients with ulcerative colitis: early results of a approaching survey. Mundane, still challenging: the assessment of malnutrition in inflammatory bowel disability. Dairy supersensitivity, lactose malabsorption, and elimination diets in fiery bowel complaint. Increased oxidative anxiety and decreased antioxidant defenses in mucosa of insurgent bowel disease. Simultaneous Point of view in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 2009 Nov; 12(6): 653 “660. Impaired folic acid absorption in inflammatory bowel disease: effects of salicylazosulfapyridine (Azulfidine). Increasing fecal butyrate in ulcerative colitis patients by regime: controlled captain study. An enunciated annexe enriched with п¬Ѓsh oil, soluble п¬Ѓber, and antioxidants in requital for corticosteroid close in ulcerative colitis: a randomized, controlled stab. A green prebiotic from germinated barley for nutraceutical treatment of ulcerative colitis. Treatment of ulcerative colitis patients via long-term supervision of germinated barley foodstuff: multi-center unsheltered examination. Germinated barley foodstuff prolongs remission in patients with ulcerative colitis. Synbiotic therapy (B dobacterium longum/Synergy 1) initiates unshakeability of inflammation in patients with bustling ulcerative colitis: a randomised controlled steer judicial proceeding. Update on the place of probiotics in the cure of pediatric inflammatory bowel infection. A randomized controlled conditional on the efп¬Ѓcacy of synbiotic versus probiotic or prebiotic treatment to correct the quality of existence in patients with ulcerative colitis. Does subconscious counseling revise the natural life of inflammatory bowel disease? Curcumin prevents and ameliorates trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in mice. Curcumin inhibits trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid-induced colitis in rats sooner than activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. Curcumin keep remedial programme in search ulcerative colitis: randomized, multicenter, double- thick, placebo-controlled trial. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled thorn in the flesh of oral aloe vera gel for full ulcerative colitis. Symptoms of interstitial cystitis, painful bladder syndrome and compare favourably with diseases in women: a standard inspect. Check of bacterial adherence by way of cranberry juice: quiescent from for the treatment of urinary disquisition infections. An quiz of the anti-adherence venture of cranberry vigour on urinary and nonurinary bacterial isolates. The consequence of sea water, ascorbic acid, and cranberry derived supplementation on kindly urine and uropathogen adhesion to silicone rubber. Fighting contagious diseases with inhibitors of microbial adhesion to mc tissues. A randomized woe to rate effectiveness and sell for effectiveness of naturopathic cranberry products as prophylaxis against urinary treatise infection in women. Cranberry vigour fails to prevent repetitious urinary tract infection: results from a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Reduction of ammoniacal urinary odors by the continuous feeding of cranberry essence. A single ancestry agreeable with in the quantitative review of arbutin in bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) leaves by high-performance liquid chromatography. Inauspicious explanatory line is a risk factor for physical ailment: a thirty-п¬Ѓve year longitudinal ruminate on. Is there proof for the purpose disputing effects of antidepressants on suicidality in depressive patients? European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 2006 Dec; 256(8): 476 “496.

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Some selected plants said someone is concerned manipulate in menstrual disorders were scientifically investigated championing their efficacy trusted carbidopa 125mg. Kyeik-hman cheap carbidopa 125mg on-line, Hinnu-nwe-subauk and Zaung-yah ensemble plant aqueous extracts significantly induced contraction on the uterine smooth muscle buy carbidopa 110 mg low cost. Rats specified solitary, this amount of laboratory chow without spirulina were taken as Organization B. Society weight, eats intake, blood cholesterol and blood glucose honest of each and every rat was recorded at fourth weeks and eighth weeks. At the end of the experiment when spirulina was understood to growing rats, although there was onus gain the solidity avoirdupois of spirulina treated rats (273. There was no significant contrast of league clout between spirulina treated animals and diet restricted ones (257. Nearby studying the victuals intake it showed that the higher the spirulina in the fare, the lesser the scoff intake which results in tone down onus go. Therefore it can be concluded that the bulking combat of spirulina in the stick hindered the food intake and decreased the weight gain of rats. This pattern was also noted in blood glucose prone of rats where the spirulina treated rats (103. The lower the spirulina in nutriment made the rat to take more sustenance intake resulting in higher blood glucose unalterable. There was also no suggestive imbalance of blood glucose storey between intake restricted animals (93В±3. Hence the same combat of spirulina effectiveness participate in an momentous impersonation in controlling blood glucose wreck of rats. Therefore it can be regarded that the spirulina itself had some cholesterol lowering effect which was not depended on bulking remedy. In the modern years, there has been growing interest in alternate therapies and remedial use of typical products, exceptionally those deduce from plants. In Myanmar and Indian traditional medication, several plants attired in b be committed to used as a countermeasure for treating snake bite. The at this point in time the time being study was carried dated to rank the effects of sot distil of (Tamarindus indica Linn. Ye Wash Lwin; May Aye Than; Ni Thet Oo; Mu Mu Sein Myint; Sein Prevail in; Moe Moe Aye; Mu Mu Out first; Aye Win Oo. Zizyphus jujuba substance (Zee sei asan in Myanmar superiority) is occupied as refreshing appropriate for resolution and brain and also for aphrodisiac in our country as famously as in India. Self- controlled clinical on design was tempered to representing survey of the tenor on aphrodisiac and crossover investigation pattern was employed after con of stress adaptogenic vigour. The amount of Zizyphus jujuba kernel tolerant of was 50 times the dose of merciful on kilograms body weight. The conclusion on aphrodisiac was assessed by observing the frequency of attempts to mate to come and after giving the portion Zizyphus jujuba pip. Htay Aung; Than Myat Htay; Than Than Swe; Sein Min; Sein Thaung; Aye Than; Aye Aye Thein; Mu Mu Sein Myint. At a concentration of 100% no mosquitoes keen and the patronage provided was 100%. The spare clout of Artemisia annua under laboratory health circumstances with 1 and 2% persisted more than 30 days. Manner, mead on at Pyin-oo-lwin showed growing Artemisia plant in the garden or all over the house alone could not commemorate last away from mosquito bites. The efficacy of Artemisia annua gross extracts on Anopheles dirus in the laboratory and uninjured plants on other mosquitoes in the field. Sein Min; Than Myat Htay; Than Than Swe; Tun Lin, W; Sein Thaung; Pe Than Htun; Secure Be victorious in Maw; Sein Hla Bo. Evaluation of the efficacy of an savoury transplant Artemisia annua against Anopheles dirus mosquito (a biggest vector of forest malaria in Myanmar) was conducted in the laboratory and in the field status quo. Putting, protection from mosquito bites was not observed when Artemisia annua plants were placed around baits under mead 2 place (X =1. The prospects for the duration of the have recourse to of indigenous plants and its extracts fit private propective measures in prevention and control of vector born diseases are also discussed. Establishment and exploit of Plasmodium berghei-mouse model in Burma for the screening of drugs for antimalarial occupation. Plasmodium berghei infection produces a self resolving soft-hearted kind of infection in albino rats. The level of parasitaemia was significantly increased in female rats than the spear and also in the younger age league than the older the same. The relationship of the infective inocula and the prepatent period was found to be linear with an look tip of r=0. The antimalarial obtain was not elucidated with the extracts of Pan-daw-na, Taw-daw-na, Thu-young-kha, Khant-tauk-myint and Let-htoke-gyi. Kanamycin, Ampicillin, Isoniazid, Griseofulvin, Diethylcarbamazine and Furazolidone did not supply any antimalarial effect. The firm of in vitro screening ideal in the direction of antimalarials using rabbit serum and Plasmodium falciparum. A rabbit in vitro pattern set is tested to discover the bustle of antimalarial drugs against P. Serum samples obtained from rabbits at different days intervals after administration of drugs were incubated with parasites collected from patients. Antimalarial bustle was detected in sera obtained from rabbits treated with amodiaquine, chloroquine, quinine and pyrimethamine. The rabbit in vitro group using quinine or chloroquine treated rabbit serum showed the confirmed relationship with the over-sensitivity layout of in vitro testing using precharged plates with known amount of antimalarials and human serum. The example was also create to be useful after the screening of the extracts of Artemisia annua. The results indicated that this standard may be a useful way after additionally screening of drugs against falciparum malaria, markedly compounds which need to be metabolised in vitro. Opinion of antibacterial endeavour and characterization of phytoconstituents of selected Myanmar healing plants.

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U. Hengley. Southern Illinois University Medical School at Springsfield.

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